Installation of Basic Tile And Stone

Ceramic, porcelain, marble, granite, terrazzo, and other stones are prized for their elegance, resilience, and longevity. They are very popular with homeowners and are becoming a mainstay in many homes. They are often available in slab or tile form. Installing tile and stone can be challenging, but with the right equipment and skills, even a novice can achieve excellent results. One of my all-time favourite trades is tile and stone construction, and I’d like to share some of the techniques I’ve learned over the years with you. Let’s get started!Learn more by visiting Batchelder & Collins Inc

TOOLS – You’ll need the right tools to properly mount tiles. a) measuring tape b) ruler c) tile nippers d) hammer e) tile cutter f) notched trowels and a point trowel g) 4 or 5 inch angle grinder h) wet tile saw
I a drill; j) diamond hole saws (for plumbing fixtures); k) a mud mixer blade (for thin-set mortar).
MATERIALS – Thin-set mortar (for floors), hardi-backer or cement board, backer board screws, ceramic tile mastic (for walls), and the tiles you’re going to put in.
PREP WORK – Tile and stone are extremely prone to shifting. Rip up the current flooring to the sub-floor or plywood underlayment if you’re building tile flooring. To avoid squeaking and bouncing, strengthen the sub-flooring with 2-inch screws. Clean the floor thoroughly with a dry-vac and make sure it’s smooth. If the sub-flooring is rotten, it must be replaced with new plywood of the same thickness, which is normally “3/4 inch.” Check the entire floor for level and flatness in basements and concrete floors. Level up any low spots and grind down any high spots if possible. If you’re going to add wall tiles, make sure the walls are completely clean and clear of debris. It’s best to have new drywall, and Using “1/2 hardi-backer or cement sheet” while tiling a tub or shower surround.
INSTALLING FLOOR TILE – After preparing your sub-floor, measure and lay out “1/2 backer board to add on top of the plywood. Backer board is 3ft X 5ft, so arrange the boards in a staggered pattern rather than in a cross pattern. When your pattern is done, mix some thin-set Mortar and spread a coat of thin-set under each board with a U or square notched trowel, then set it in place with light pressure to ensure good adhesion. Screw it down 6 inches apart with backer-board screws, and repeat until all the boards are in place and sealed with screws. Spread thin-set around the seams and embed backer-board tape with the flat end of your trowel. Remove any waste by smoothing it down. Next, find the room’s longest wall to use as a starting point. Dry lay and change your tiles using the 3-4-5 squaring rule until you can get your cuts to measure no less than half of the tile. To achieve uniform grout joints, use flooring spacers and double-check your job. Start laying your tiles once everything is set.