Specialties of Dentistry Account

Periodontitis is the most common form of periodontal disease, affecting approximately 75% of all Americans over the age of 35. This disease affects both sexes equally. It is caused by inflammation and infection of the gums and is defined by bone loss around the teeth. Signs may occur as early as adolescence, but due to its progressive, cumulative nature, the disease is often diagnosed in the fourth to fifth decade of life.Do you want to learn more? see post

Over time and without treatment, the infection begins to erode the jawbone that supports the teeth. The erosion weakens the ligaments (attachments) and loosens the teeth, which may eventually fall out on their own or need to be pulled out.

Deep pockets that are filled with plaque can contribute to a foul taste in the mouth and are very difficult to clean. As the disease progresses, the exposed root surfaces of the teeth become very sensitive to hot and cold. Furthermore, the exposed root surfaces lack protective enamel and are more prone to developing cavities.

Types of Periodontitis

There are five types, although chronic periodontitis is the most common. Here is a brief description of each:

1) Chronic Periodontitis – This form involves periodontal pockets that gradually form. It is further classified into localized or generalized forms, as well as mild, moderate, or severe amount of destruction.

2) Aggressive Periodontitis – This form involves loss of periodontal attachment at a rapid pace relative to the patient’s age. It is further classified into localized or generalized forms, as well as mild, moderate, or severe amount of destruction. Often it is seen in adolescence and may run in families. There may be an underlying immune system defect involved.

3) Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Disease-Patients with certain blood diseases (e.g. leukemia) or genetic diseases (e.g. Down syndrome), are more likely to have periodontitis. Often this is due to the body’s decreased ability to fight infection (immunosuppression).